Caryophyllene: Caryophyllene is known for its peppery, woody and spicy smell. It is believed to have several medicinal benefits, such as antibacterial, anticancer, antifungal and anti-ischemic, and a thera-peutic application as a bronchodilator. Caryophyllene is found in many plants, including Thai basil, cloves, cinnamon leaves and black pepper.
Humulene: Humulene is well known for giving beer its hoppy aroma and is believed to have several medicinal benefits: antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and antitumor. Humulene is used to aid weight loss by acting as an anorectic (appetite suppressant). It is also found in hops and coriander.
Limonene: Limonene is recognized for its citrusy smell. Its medicinal benefits are believed to include anti-anxiety, antibacterial, anticancer, anticonvulsive, antidepressant and antifungal. Limonene present in cannabis quickly enters the bloodstream upon inhalation, which may facilitate the quick absorption of other terpenes and thus contribute to an uplifting experience. Limonene is also present in citrus fruit rinds, rosemary, juniper, peppermint and pine needle oils, and its strong smell serves as a natural insect repellent.
Linalool: Linalool has floral and lavender aromas. It is believed to have medicinal benefits that include antibacterial, antidepressant, antifungal and anti-insomnia. Linalool may also counteract anx-iety induced by THC consumption. Some research suggests that linalool may boost the immune system, reduce lung inflammation and restore cognitive and emotional function (potentially making it useful in the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease). Linalool is found naturally in hundreds of plants and is a common ingredient in bath products.
Myrcene: Myrcene is generally the most abundant terpene found in cannabis and is known for its musky and earthy herbal smell, comparable to the smell of cloves. Myrcene is believed to have several medicinal benefits, including antibacterial, anticancer, antifungal, anti-inflammatory and antiseptic. Myrcene is understood to enable and hasten the psychoactive effect of THC by lowering resistance posed by the blood-brain barrier and increasing the THC saturation capacity of the CB1 receptors. Consuming cannabis with high levels of myrcene may contribute to sedative and relaxing effects suitable for the treatment of insomnia and pain. Myrcene is present in hops, citrus fruits, bay leaves, euca lyptus, wild thyme, lemongrass and many other plants.
Pinene: Pinene is known for its pine and fir aromas and is believed to have medicinal benefits, such as antibacterial, antifungal and anti-inflammatory, and a therapeutic application as a bronchodilator. Pinene has shown potential to function as an anticancer agent and is believed to counter some of the psychoactive effects of THC. Pinene is present in conifers, pine resin and citrus fruits and is one of the terpenes most prevalent in nature.
Terpinolene: Terpinolene has a piney aroma and subtle herbal and sweet floral scents similar tocitrus fruits. Terpinolene is believed to have medicinal benefits, including antibacterial, antifungal, anti-insomnia and antiseptic. It is also thought to be a central nervous system depressant and is used to induce sleep or reduce psychological distress. Terpinolene is found in sage and rosemary and is used in soaps and perfumes.